Volume 9 (2018) - Issue 7, July
SCORPION VENOM AND ITS COMPONENTS AS NEW PHARMACEUTICAL APPROACH TO CANCER TREATMENT, A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
The use of scorpion venom has a very old history in traditional medicine for thousands years ago in China, India and Africa worldwide. The inhibition of cancer progression and induce apoptosis have shown in an increasing number in-vitro and in-vivo studies. We accomplished this systematic review to evaluate the performance of scorpion venom and its components in the growth inhibition of cancer cel...
The first case of middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS) was identified in a mid-aged Saudi Arabian resident in 2012. The syndrome is analogous to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in its clinical course, with a male predominance in incidence. MERS virus is disseminated as a result of close proximity of people to camels, person to person transmission being uncommon and confined to hospital...
Chitin is the second most important natural amino polysaccharide polymer after cellulose in the world. The main sources exploited are marine crustaceans, shrimp, and crab apart from that some other lobstera, insects, sulphur butter and fungi. Chitosan is the most important natural based common cationic polymer got from chitin has gotten developing consideration for the most part due to their bio...
Neurodegenerative disorders particularly Parkinson’s disease are serious threat for heath society. In addition, treatment, control and managing of Parkinson’s disease burden high cost to these patients. Therefore, an efficacy and available treatment strategy is required so that herbs and their bioactive compounds could be good candidates. It has well been demonstrated the herbs are a potential...
Neem has become valuable plant in the world which shows the solutions for hundreds to thousands problems. Neem has become important in the global context today because it offers answers to the major concerns facing mankind. Neem has been extensively used in Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathic medicine and has become a centre of attraction of modern medicine. Azadirachta indica (neem) is a rapidly gro...
ENHANCED HUMAN EXPOSURE TO RADIATIONS, ROLE OF PHYTOCHEMICALS AS POTENTIAL RADIO-PROTECTANTS: A REVIEW
Science and technology have greatly contributed to man’s never-ending quest for quality improvement in different domains of life. But in the process of development, the usage of radiation-based technologies has considerably increased in the fields of medicine, agriculture, aviation, space, warfare, food processing, electronic and communication systems, nuclear-power generation and other industri...
Osteoporosis is a debilitating disease that affects many older people. Characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration (MAD) of bone tissue, Fragility fractures are the hallmark of osteoporosis. There are potentially numerous nutrients and a dietry component that can influence bone health. Bone mineral consists of calcium phosphate, and phosphorus is as important as calcium i...
Arsenic (As) is a metalloid. It occurs in almost every fraction of the environment. It is moving in each and every corner of our environment. Levels of arsenic (As) in the environment have become a global concern due to its toxicity and adverse effects on human health and other living beings. It is highly toxic even at low concentrations. It is also carcinogenic. Although, its natural sources are...
The skin covers a total surface area of approximately 1.8 m2 and provides the contact between the human body and its external environment. Transdermal route of drug delivery has gained great interest in pharmaceutical research as it overcomes many problems associated with the oral route of administration. Although the skin, particularly the stratum corneum presents a barrier to most drug absorptio...
Bulk nanocomposites prepared from aqueous albumin dispersion with carbon nanotubes by removing the liquid component from the dispersion have been investigated. The composites were obtained by thermostating and exposure to LED and IR diode laser radiation. The nanocomposites obtained under laser irradiation retain their shape and properties for several years, in contrast to the composites fabricate...
A diet rich in marine fishes and general seafood has long been recommended by several medical authorities as a long-term nutritional intervention to preserve overall health and wellbeing. An association between consumption of fish and seafood and beneficial effects on a variety of health outcomes has been reported in epidemiologic studies and clinical trials. These effects are mainly attributed to...
ANALYSIS OF DATA MINING AND SOFT COMPUTING TECHNIQUES IN PROSPECTING DIABETES DISORDER IN HUMAN BEINGS: A REVIEW
Diabetes is one of the deadliest and non-contagious diseases that can adversely affect several parts of human body. Early prognosis of diabetes can inkling the grievous complications and help to save human life. Several researchers have used different data mining (Iterative Dichotomiser 3, Random Forest, Support Vector Machine, k-Nearest Neighbour, C4.5) and soft computing (Genetic Algorithm, Ant ...
ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A NOVEL ANTICANCER MUSCLE PROTEIN FROM EDIBLE MARINE CATFISH TACHYSURUS DUSSUMEIRI
Cancer, the uncontrolled growth of cells, has been estimated as a major cause of death among human population. Although there are many potential drugs, a much effective bioactive drug with less side effects are still in its pioneer stage of research. The aim of the study was to isolate, purify and characterize the anticancer muscle protein from edible marine catfish, Tachysaurus dussumieri, so as ...
ROSMARINIC ACID ENHANCES CISPLATIN CYTOTOXICITY IN HEPG2 CELL LINE AND ATTENUATES ITS NEPHROTOXICITY IN MICE
The present study aimed to investigate the anticancer effect of rosmarinic acid (RA), both alone and in combination with cisplatin (cis). Also, the potential nephroprotective effects of RA against cis-induced nephrotoxicity in mice and the possible mechanisms underlying this protection were explored. Treatment of HepG2 cells with RA produced a significant decline in cellular proliferation. RA indu...
TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTOR 1 (TNFR1) NEUTRALIZATION AMELIORATED CARRAGEENAN-INDUCED INFLAMMATION IN MICE SUPPLEMENTED WITH HERBAL ANTIOXIDANTS
TNF-α plays pivotal role in initiation of inflammation via its interaction with TNFR1 in an O2.- induced oxidative stress dependent manner. The present study investigated whether the anti-oxidant effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Clitoria ternatea (CTE), could facilitate the anti-inflammatory effect of TNFR1 neutralization in context to carrageenan-induced acute inflammation in mice. Sub-planta...
In the present study 10 morpholine mannich base derivatives were synthesized by three component reaction of morpholine, N-phenylacetamide and various substituted benzaldehydes. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography and the compounds synthesized were characterized by ATR and 1HNMR techniques. Antimicrobial activity of the synthesized compounds was evaluated against gra...
TRACE LEVEL QUANTIFICATION OF CYPIONYL CHLORIDE IN TESTOSTERONE CYPIONATE BY PRE COLUMN DERIVATIZATION WITH 2-BUTANOL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY WITH ELECTRON IMPACT IONIZATION DETECTOR
The author has been proposed the precolumn derivatization method for the trace level quantification of cypionyl chloride in testosterone cypionate, it maybe potential impurity in the testosterone cypionate, it has to quantify in the testosterone drug Substance. The method development of cypionyl chloride has been started with gas chromatography with FID detector. The detection of cypionyl chloride...
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is an endocrine disturbing compound it can mimic and perform like a natural hormone, which mimics estradiol by binding to the estrogen receptor. This compound mainly reproductive target, so in this study used to induce endometriosis. Endometriosis is an estrone dependent constant gynaecological disorder. Here it, intends to induce endometriosis and treated by the MMP inhib...
ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI WITH ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES FROM THE LEAVES OF ELAEOCARPUS SPHAERICUS (GAERTN.) K. SCHUM. AND MYRISTICA FRAGRANS HOUTT.
Endophyte fungi reside in the tissues beneath the epidermal cell layers and live within a plant for at least part of its life without causing apparent diseases. Eight morphologically distinct endophytic fungi were selected from the medicinal plants Elaeocarpus sphaericus coded as ELSPF 1 to 4 and Myristica fragrans coded as MYFRF 1 to 4. The highest colonization frequencies (CF %) were found to be...
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF IN-SITU NASAL GEL OF MONTELUKAST SODIUM FOR THE EFFECTIVE TREATMENT OF ASTHMA
In this research work an attempt was made to formulate and evaluate in-situ gel for the intranasal delivery of montelukast sodium for the effective treatment of asthma. Thermally gelling in-situ gel formulations for nasal administration were prepared by using polymers such as poloxamer 407 and HPMC K4M in varying concentrations by using cold method. The formulated in-situ gels were evaluated for c...
APPLICATION OF DOE AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS FOR DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR CHLROHEXIDINE GLUCONATE AND CETRIMIDE IN ITS BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS
The present work includes development of analytical method for simultaneous estimation of Chlorhexidine gluconate and Cetrimide by RP-HPLC method. The chromatographic conditions were successfully optimised for the separation of Chlorhexidine gluconate and Cetrimide by using Hypersil BDS C18 column (4.6 × 150 mm) 5µ, flow rate of 0.8 ml/min, mobile phase ratio of (30:55:15 v/v/v) ACN: methanol: p...
Present study includes the detailed pharmacognostic evaluation in terms of macroscopic and microscopic study along with physicochemical, phytochemical and fluorescence analysis of Capsicum annuum L., an annual spice and member of family Solanaceae, commonly known as red chili. The pharmacognostic studies provide comprehensive data not only in the identification but at the same time is an excellent...
FORMULATION, OPTIMIZATION AND IN-VITRO EVALUATION OF DICLOFENAC SODIUM LOADED SUSTAINED RELEASE MATRIX TABLET CONTAINING BOTH NATURAL AND SEMI-SYNTHETIC POLYMERS
Objective: The persistence of this effort was to frame, evaluate and examine the impact of natural and semi-synthetic polymer in changing the release rates of matrix tablet loaded with diclofenac sodium. Materials and method: Matrix tablets of diclofenac sodium were made-up by varying the concentrations of both natural polymer i.e Guar gum and semi-synthetic polymer i.e HPMC K4M via straight compr...
AN INVESTIGATION OF IN-VITRO RELEASE OF RABEPRAZOLE SODIUM FROM PULSATILE RELEASE TABLETS CONTAINING HPMC-EC BLEND AS TIME LAGGED PRESS COATING
To develop new pulsatile release tablets of Rabeprazole sodium (RS), that can suppress drug release in stomach and release the drug rapidly after a predetermined lag time for about 4 h in intestine, a multiple unit dosage forms was designed that contain, drug-containing core, a coating to achieve time lag in drug release and an outermost acid resistant enteric coating. Time lagged press coating wa...
DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BILAYER TABLET CONTAINING TRAMADOL AND PREGABALIN AS A GASTRIC BUOYANT DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM FOR COMBINATION PHARMACOTHERAPY OF NEUROPATHIC PAIN
Experiments were performed to design, develop and characterize bilayer buoyant tablets with Tramadol (TH), immediate release layer and Pregabalin (PGB), sustained release layer. Super disintegrants like crosscarmellose sodium and sodium starch glycolate, for IR layer where as Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC-K4M, HPMC-K100M) and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, as sustaining polymers for SR laye...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF STABILITY INDICATING METHOD FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF ELBASVIR AND GRAZOPREVIRIN PHARMA-CEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS BY RP-HPLC
The present study aimed to develop and validate stability indicating method for the simultaneous determination of Elbasvir and Grazoprevir in its pharmaceutical dosage form using RP-HPLC. Chromatographic separation was done with Discovery C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 µ) column using 0.1% ortho-phosphoric acid (OPA) and acetonitrile in the ratio 50:50% v/v as mobile phase on isocratic mode. The column...
BACTERICIDAL SCREENING AND ESTIMATION OF FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY OF FRUTICOSE LICHEN CLADONIA SCABRIUSCULA DELISE (NYL.) FROM GOPESHWAR, UTTARAKHAND, INDIA
Lichens came as a consortium of two distinct and dissimilar components- the mycobiont and the phycobionts, which were defined as a composite organism. Lichen vegetation in India is dominated by more than 2500 species. Lichen secondary metabolites specially the phenolics, depsides and depsidones are unique in their origin and are found nowhere else. Much attention has been paid on the biological ro...
CONVENTIONAL AND MICROWAVE ASSISTED SYNTHESIS OF SOME NEW DERIVATIVES OF COUMARIN CONTAINING PYRAZOLINE AND INVESTIGATION OF THEIR ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITIES
Pyrazoline derivatives, being used as potential medicinal agents, 3-Acetyl-2H-chromen-2one (I) was prepared by Knoevenagel condensation of salicyladehyde with ethylacetoacetate in presence of piperidine. A series of 3-[(2E)-3-substituted-prop-2-enoyl]-2H-chro men-2-one derivatives (II a-h) were prepared by Claisen-Schmidt condensation of 3-acetyl coumarin with aromatic aldehydes. Treatment of 3-su...
KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIANS TOWARD USE OF HERBS AS MEDICINE IN AL-WAZARAT HEALTH CENTER, PRINCE SULTAN MILITARY MEDICAL CITY, RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA
Introduction: Herbs are the second most commonly used form of complementary and alternative medicine by public. The uses of medicinal herbs continue to increase worldwide. However, clinicians generally have limited knowledge and confidence about using of herbs in medicine. Therefore, this research aimed to assess the level of knowledge and attitude of primary care physicians toward use of medicina...
EFFECT OF METHYL PARATHION (AN ORGANOPHOSPHATE) ON BIOCHEMICAL CONTENTS OF FRESH WATER CAT FISH HETEROPNEUSTES FOSSILIS (BLOCH)
The present work was planned to study the effect of methyl parathion an organophosphate compound (OP) on biochemical contents of fresh water cat fish Heteropneustis fossilis. The exposure of fish to the sub-lethal concentrations of the toxicant methyl parathion was investigated and the variations were observed in biochemical contents in different tissues of the fish i.e. gill, liver, intestine, mu...
DESIGN OF EXPERIMENT IN THE BIO-ANALYTICAL DETERMINATION OF QUETIAPINE FUMARATE IN HUMAN PLASMA BY A RP-HPLC METHOD
A new, simple, sensitive, accurate and precise RP-HPLC method was developed for the estimation of quetiapine fumarate in human plasma. Full factorial design was used for the optimization of an extraction method. The main effect of volume of deproteinating agent, speed of centrifugation, time of centrifugation and temperature of centrifugation was found to be significant at P<0.0001 on all the r...
EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERISATION OF MUCILAGE FROM THE LEAVES OF HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS LINN. (MALVACEAE)
Plant mucilages have found wide application in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Hence, it would be worthwhile to characterise the physical and chemical attributes of mucilages from commonly available plants for their beneficial utilization. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. (Family Malvaceae), widely grown as an ornamental throughout the tropics and subtropicsis a good source of mucilage. ...
Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease with global prevalence that is caused by a unicellular organism called Toxoplasma gondii. Given the high prevalence of the disease in the country, particularly in pregnant women, and severe complications of the disease for the fetus, congenital type, the disease consequences for patients taking medications that suppress the immune system as well as side effects...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF HPLC METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF CERITINIB IN RABBIT PLASMA USING PDA DETECTOR
A rapid, sensitive and reproducible HPLC method was developed and validated for the quantification of Ceritinib in rabbit plasma using PDA detector at wave length 264 nm. The method was developed using Dasatinib as internal standard (IS). Ceritinib is a selective and potent inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) indicated in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The Ceritinib...
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF MUCOADHESIVE BUCCAL TABLETS OF PROPRANOLOL PREPARED USING NATURAL POLYMER
Propranolol is beta-blocker and it is widely used in the management of hypertension. Propranolol is used to treat tremors angina, hypertension, heart rhythm disorder and other heart or circulatory conditions. The mucoadhesive buccal tablets of propranolol were papered by wet granulation method using natural polymer like Vigna mungo powder. The compatibility studies of drug and excipient were perfo...
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF SUSTAINED RELEASE TABLETS OF REPAGLINIDE USING HYDROPHILIC NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC POLYMERS
Repaglinide is used in the treatment of type 2 Diabetes mellitus and has very short half life. The patient compliance can decrease when larger doses are administered two to three times a day. Sustained release formulation which maintains a plasma level of 8-10 h might be recommended for daily administration of repaglinide. The main objective of the present study was to develop sustained release fo...
The architecture of cocoons and the chemical compounds present in the cocoons play crucial role to provide protection of the pupae during metamorphosis. Insects spin a silk web as cocoon to facilitate protection and ensuring proper inner environment inside the cocoon during the metamorphosis. Such cocoons are equipped with a variety of chemical compounds which include antibacterial, antifungal, in...
Nanoemulsions are the novel drug delivery system which allows sustained or controlled release of drug, biological active ingredient and genetic material. Nanoemulsion is a system consisting of oil, surfactant and an aqueous phase, which is an isotropically clear and thermo-dynamically or kinetically stable liquid solution, usually with droplet diameter within the range of 10 - 500 nm. Nanoemulsion...
Worldwide diabetic patients are very common. This paper studies spread of diabetes in human living in Lahore, Pakistan. Data is collected from two local hospitals of Lahore and TOPSIS is applied to draw the results of the study. The study points out the people who are more likely to have diabetes due to various parameters like age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SB...
Functionality of Ion Exchange Resin (IER) mainly depends on solubility and degree of ionization and molecular weight of drug. For this reason the application of IER is limited to only strong acidic and basic drugs or drug existing as salt; not for weak acidic and weak basic drugs due to their low ionization properties. If we increase the ionization of weak acid and bases, then application of IER w...
Phloroglucinol is a polyphenol and a component of phlorotannins belonging to the Laminariaceae family. Phloroglucinol has many positive effects on health. The present study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant potential of phloroglucinol by comparing it with Standard antioxidant viz, ascorbic acid. The antioxidant potential of phloroglucinol was estimated using free radicals such as 1, 1-diphenyl...
AN INVESTIGATION ON THE TYPE I ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF MARINE ALGAE, GRACILARIA EDULIS AND SARGASSUM POLYCYSTUM
The objective of this study was to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of methanolic extract of marine algae Sargassum polycystum (MSP) and Gracilaria edulis (MGE) in STZ induced diabetes in rats for Type I diabetic mellitus. The marine algae SP and GE were dried under shade and then powdered, and extracted with methanol. Preliminary phytochemical studies and acute toxicity studies were also carrie...
This study was carried out to investigate the acute oral toxicity LD50 of an anti-neoplastic and a chemotherapeutic agent hydroxyurea in male albino mice by using up α Down method. The result revealed that LD50 of hydroxyurea was (7868.5 mg/kg. b.w). Orally after 24 h of exposure. That’s mean it is slightly toxic agent. To study the effect of lethal doses of hydroxyurea on the some of blood par...
METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF VILDAGLIPTIN AND METFORMIN HCl IN PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORM BY REVERSE PHASE–HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (RP-HPLC)
Determination of the anti-diabetic drugs vildagliptin and metformin is wildly used to validate drug efficiency in diabetic patients. Here we describe a new and simple chromatographic method to analyze both drugs simultaneously in their commercial pharmaceutical dosage forms. A reverse Phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) separation method was applied using an Xterra C18 column (2...
SCREENING AND MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION OF POTENTIAL EXOPOLY-SACCHARIDES (EPSs) PRODUCING MARINE BACTERIA FROM THE BHAVNAGAR COAST, GUJARAT
Marine environment is a complex habitat defined by a wide fluctuation in conditions such as pH, temperature, nutrient availability, osmotic pressure and salinity. Because of these various extreme environmental conditions, it harbors varieties of biodiversity such as bacteria, algae, fungi, coral reefs and sea weeds, as compared to terrestrial environment. For adaptation in these conditions marine ...
A High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) technique has been developed for the determining of foreign impurities in the parent substance of carboren. We have proposed the most sensitive, selective and also the universal HPLC method to be used, which would allow to conduct the qualitative and quantitative analysis under the same conditions so that to determine foreign impurities in the substa...
Diabetes mellitus is reaching potentially epidemic proportions in India. The level of morbidity and mortality due to diabetes and its potential complications are enormous and pose significant healthcare burdens on both families and society. In this study 400 blood serum samples were collected from various laboratories and diabetic centre in and around Tirupur, Tamil Nadu, India. Blood glucose leve...
EVALUATION OF IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIPLASMODIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE ACETONE EXTRACT OF CRINUM JAGUS BULBS (LILIACEAE) LINN.
This study evaluated the acetone extract of Crinum jagus bulbs for its antioxidant, and antiplasmodial properties. The bulbs of Crinum jagus are used in traditional medicine for various ailments. The antioxidant activity of the extract was evaluated using DPPH and nitric oxide free radical scavenging assay. The antiplasmodial activity (suppressive, prophylactic and curative activity) was evaluated...
STUDY ON SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF DIFFERENT MODALITIES IN THE POST-OPERATIVE PAIN MANAGEMENT IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL
ABSTRACT: Background: Postoperative pain control is an important part of effective postoperative care. However, 30 - 80% of postoperative patients complain about moderate to severe post-surgical pain as a result of the surgical procedure or a pre-existing disease. Aim: To assess the safety and efficacy of different modalities of postoperative pain management in post surgical wards of a tertiary ca...
IN VITRO ANTIMICROBIAL SCREENING OF MEDICINAL PLANTS AGAINST CLINICAL AND PHYTOPATHOGENIC BACTERIA AND FUNGI
The positive results of screening medicinal plants for antimicrobial activity forms primary platform for phytochemical and pharmacological studies in future. The work was undertaken to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of four medicinal plants viz., Sesbania grandiflora, Epiphyllum oxypetalum, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, and Vetiveria zizanioides. Leaves were extracted using water and ethanol as s...
Kinetics and stoichiometry S-oxidation reaction of sodium piperacillin by means of potassium hydrogen peroxomonosulfate in aqueous solutions using iodometric titration were studied. Zopercin® – powder in vials for piperacillin injection solution in the combined form with tazobactam (piperacillin 4.0 g and tazobactam 0.5 g) was used for analysis. A new iodometric method for quantitative determin...
A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON TOTAL PHENOLIC CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF CALYCOPTERIS FLORIBUNDA ROOT EXTRACTS
We evaluated the total phenolic acid content and antioxidant activity of methanolic and aqueous extracts of Calycopteris floribunda roots. Antioxidant activity of the extracts was determined using Reducing Power Assay and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) assays. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of the extracts revealed the presence of various phytochemicals. The total phenolic content of the ext...
Background: Cyperus rotundus Linn. is a traditional medicinal plant appearing among Indian, Chinese and Japanese natural drugs, used for the treatment of spasms stomach disorder and also used as anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, hypotensive, antipyretic, anthelmintic, hepatoprotective agent. Rhizomes of C. rotundus have been used in ancient medicine in India for fever, dysentery, pruritis, pain, vo...
ANTI-MICROBIAL AND ANTI-TUBERCULAR ACTIVITY EVALUATION OF NEWLY SYNTHESIZED ZINC COMPLEXES OF AMINOTHIOPHENE SCHIFF BASES
Tridentate Schiff bases were obtained in succession from the condensation of ethyl 2-amino-5,6-dihydro-4H-cyclopenta [b] thiophene-3-carboxylate and different aryl aldehydes in 1:1 molar ratio. Zinc chloride complexes of these new aminothiophene Schiff bases were prepared in 1:1 metal: ligand stichometry. These complexes were characterized using IR, UV-Visible, elemental analysis and molar conduct...
Background: Multiple logistic regression analysis of several metabolic variables between polycystic ovary syndrome and control groups revealed that zinc level was the most important variable to predict polycystic ovarian syndrome. Objective: This study was designed to illustrate the correlation between zinc and copper levels with the biochemical changes associated with polycystic ovary syndrome. M...
COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY OF TWO COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE HERBAL AND NON-HERBAL (FLUORIDATED) TOOTHPASTES ON SALIVARY MICROBIAL COUNT: AN IN-VIVO STUDY
Dental caries is a complex disease which is expressed as an interaction between various factors including the host, agent, substrate and time. The interplay between the dental biofilm and oral microorganisms is an important feature for development of a cariogenic dental plaque. Formation of the biofilm needs to be controlled through regular brushing in order to prevent the development of caries an...
GC-MS ANALYSIS, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTICANCER ACTIVITIES OF BARK EXTRACT OF LANNEA COROMANDELICA (HOUTT.) MERR.
Lannea coromandelica is one of the important herbal plants well distributed in India. It is commonly called as Odiar, Gumphini in South India. It was extensively used by the tribes all over India to treat various diseases such as body pain, tooth ache, stomach ache, ulcers, sexual impotency. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the GC-MS analysis, antibacterial and anticancer activities of...
EXTRACTION AND QUANTIFICATION OF PIGMENTS FROM INDIAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN TREE, SHRUB AND HERB
Chlorophyll and carotenoids are important photosynthetic pigments found in higher plants, cyanobacteria and algae. Carotenoids are responsible for bright red, yellow and orange color in many fruits and vegetables. These two pigments play an important role in plant health. Chlorophyll and carotenoids are reported to contain anticancer properties. Chlorophyll and carotenoids protect skin and help in...
The purpose of this study was to improve the dissolution rate of poorly soluble Nicardipine hydrochloride with cyclodextrin complexation by using different techniques like physical mixing, solvent evaporation and kneading method. Nicardipine hydrochloride is a calcium channel blocker. It is belonging to BCS class - II having poor solubility and high permeability. It is used to treat Angina having ...
HPTLC FINGERPRINTING FOR SIMULTANEOUS QUANTIFICATION OF HARMINE, KAEMPFEROL, DIOSGENIN AND OLEIC ACID IN THE FRUIT EXTRACT OF TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS L. AND ITS FORMULATION
A simple, accurate and reproducible HPTLC method has been developed for the simultaneous quantification of diosgenin, oleic acid, harmine and kaempferol from the methanolic extract of fruits of plant Tribulus terrestris L. and its marketed formulation. The CAMAG HPTLC systems with winCATS software used for the analysis. Double development with mobile phase Toluene: Ethyl acetate: Formic acid: Glac...
DEVELOPING A TOOL FOR MEASURING KNOWLEDGE ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY AND ASSESSING ITS EFFECT ON INNOVATION PERFORMANCE OF IRANIAN PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES
Now a day’s establishing and sustaining competitive advantage depends on the effective development of Knowledge Absorptive Capacity (KAC) and innovations. This study evaluated the role of prior technical experiences in developing firm’s absorptive capacity and the contribution of this type of capacity to the firm’s innovation performance. In this study we designed a questionnaire to assess f...
Polyherbal preparations (PHP) are known to express high effectiveness in a vast number of diseases. In view of this, present investigation was carried out to identify phytochemical constituents of PHP, prepared from the aqueous extract of test plant powders of Mimusops elengi Linn., Strobilanthes barbatus Nees, Indigofera zollingeriana Miquel and Dillenia indica Linn. Phytochemical screening o...
IMMOBILIZATION AND ESTIMATION OF ACTIVITY OF YEAST CELLS BY ENTRAPMENT TECHNIQUE USING DIFFERENT MATRICES
Background: It becomes clear that living processes were based on the action of enzymes. Cell immobilization serves as a useful tool for the immobilization of intracellular enzymes. The purpose of study is to improve economically important processes by attaching the yeast cells to matrices. Methods: In this analytical study by using mixed models of matrices like (sodium alginate alone, sodium algin...